Class in s America Social mobility There were considerable social changes in the s, brought about largely by economic prosperity and increasing urbanisation see Urbanisation and modernity. In particular, the status of women and black people shifted significantly.
Montmartre and Montparnasse, respectively the Right and Left Bank haunts of artists, intellectuals, poets, and musicians since the late nineteenth century. Performing in these high-profile and popular entertainment districts could give an advantage to jazz musicians because Parisians and tourists already knew to go there when they wanted to spend a night out on the town.
As hubs of artistic imagination and experimentation, Montmartre and Montparnasse therefore attracted the kinds of audiences that might appreciate the new and thrilling sounds of jazz.
For many listeners, these locations leant the music something of their own exciting aura, and the early success of jazz in Paris probably had at least as much to do with musicians playing there as did other factors.
In spite of their similarities, however, by the s these neighborhoods were on two very different paths, each representing competing visions of what France could become after the war. And the reactions to jazz in each place became important markers of the difference between the two areas and visions.
In its heyday, Montmartre was one of the centers of popular entertainment, and its artists prided themselves on flying in the face of respectable middle-class values.
Jazz was not entirely to blame for such changes, of course. Commercial pressures, especially the rapidly growing tourist trade, eroded the popularity of old Montmartre cabarets, which were not always able to compete with the newer music halls and dance halls. Yet jazz bore much of the criticism from those who saw the changes in Montmartre as the death of French popular entertainment.
Montparnasse, on the other hand, was the face of a modern Paris. It was the international crossroads where an ever changing mixture of people celebrated, rather than lamented, cosmopolitanism and exoticism in all its forms, especially in jazz bands.
These different attitudes within the entertainment districts and their institutions reflected the impact of the broader trends at work in Paris—the influx of foreign populations, for example, or the advent of cars and electricity on city streets as indicators of modern technology—and the possible consequences for French culture.
Jazz was at the confluence of these trends, and it became a convenient symbol for the struggle they represented.Literature captured the changes in Society Reading was a popular recreational activity especially during the winter months when other forms of activity were limited.
Prior to radio and television most people gained knowledge of the wider world and current events through printed material. Posts about s pop culture written by morganhowland.
Between and , the music business had transformed from reliance on plugging a song by singing it “as loudly as possible in the city’s lowest dives,” to create and commercialize popular songs on a national scale. The old days of the Ragtime Era reflected a music business culture that was still in its infancy.
Following the maelstrom of violence that was the First World War, the United States retreated into a protective shell of isolationism. This is seen most through comparing the rampant international meddling that took place in the period with the tariffs and political isolation that was the norm of the s.
The Red Scare in the America may be famed for its Jazz Age and prohibition during the ’s, and for its economic strengthbefore the Wall Street Cra The History Learning Site, 22 May 17 Nov The Red Scare in the (US journalist).
's Isolationism Fact 4: The Treaty of Versailles made a mockery of Wilson's Fourteen Points Plan and the United States Senate consequently opposed the adoption of the Treaty of Versailles and declined membership in the League of Nations.
Why did this prosperity come to a sudden end in ? Longer term reasons for the end of prosperity. Overproduction in industry - By the end of the s there were too many consumer goods.