Remember, this Conclusion should only speak to the particular sub-issue that you are analyzing. Thus, if your memo addresses whether your client could be held liable for a tort, your overall conclusion might be, "Defendant Jones can be held liable for the injuries that the Plaintiff suffered as a result of the automobile accident. For example, your Conclusion to Section one might read:
The cover page, Table of Contents and Table of Authorities are used for major briefs, such as briefs in support of dispositive or trial motions. Sometimes they are mandatory; other times they can be used to enhance a brief and make it easier for the court to read and understand. Regardless, all three of these tools are excellent methods for enhancing any lengthy or complex brief filed with the court, and paralegals should make sure they are familiar with all these tools.
Follow the Court Rules The court rules determine the format you will use to prepare all parts of your brief, including cover sheets, Table of Contents and Table of Authorities.
Each jurisdiction has its own set of local rules, and the requirements for briefs can change from one court to another. To avoid this problem, I created a brief cheat sheet for all court rules affecting briefs for each jurisdiction in which my supervising attorney practices. For each court, I identified: What must be filed with the court the original and proper number of copies ; Whether a copy of the brief should be delivered to the judge and, if so, when; The page number limit for the brief; Whether the court requires a cover page, Table of Contents or Table of Authorities; Whether the court specifies any certain way to cite to court rules, the record or other jurisdictions; The specifics of what the brief must contain and in what order; What specific format the court requires, including font size or word count; and A sample form of a cover sheet, Table of Contents and Table of Authorities for each jurisdiction.
Naturally, such information is useless unless you are sure you have thoroughly read and understand all the rules relating to your brief, and have updated your cheat sheet when necessary. For me, it was an excellent way to become acquainted with the court rules.
I also have found these sample forms especially helpful to secretaries unfamiliar with court rules and preparing briefs.
The cover usually sets out the case number, the caption style of the case, the title of the brief, the name, address and telephone number of the attorney filing the brief, which party that attorney represents, and the date the brief was filed. Appellate brief covers also can include the name of the trial judge and the jurisdiction from which the case came.
Remember, the caption or style of the case is the first information the court will read — it must be correct. Also, always proofread the case number for accuracy. A transposed number could cause your brief to be misfiled by the court clerk. The cover itself is usually made from slightly heavier paper stock — a little like the cover of a soft-bound book.
Often the court will have requirements about the color of the cover stock. If there are no rules governing the color, use off-white, tan, navy, light blue or red. Avoid pastels or neon colors because they look unprofessional.
The Table of Contents and Table of Authorities The next section of the trial brief will often be the Table of Contents — an index of the headings and subheadings within the body of the brief. Again, check your local court rules. Following that, the next section normally will be a Table of Authorities, sometimes called a Table of Cases.
The applicable court rules will tell you whether a Table of Authorities is required. If it is, the rules also will prescribe its format. The order for citing legal authorities in a Table of Authorities is:A basic table of contents highlights the topics covered in the writing and the page number on which they appear.
The table of contents may give specific sections or chapters, depending on the writing. Briefs, Legal Memoranda and Legal Writing You have learned in previous chapters that part of the legal profession involves a large quantity of writing.
Complaints, answers, discovery documents, motions and legal memoranda (sometimes called “briefs”) make up a large part of a court file. CreatedbySabrina!Westerman,June! 6. Whenyouhaveallthesectiontitlestypedupinalist,highlightthelistof! section headings.!
a. This!can!be!achieved!through!clicking. Use numbers for small-scale organization.
Numbering the headings and sub-headings cues the reader about large-scale organization, but smaller parts can be numbered, too. If you have three points to make, preview them with . How to number Tables and Figures: Figures and Tables are numbered independently, in the sequence in which you refer to them in the text, starting with Figure 1 and Table 1.
If, in revison, you change the presentation sequence of the figures and tables, you must renumber them to reflect the new sequence. Click here to subscribe and start receiving our writing tips and exercises via email every day.
10 Responses to “7 Rules For Formatting Lists” For example, APA indicates that numbered lists need not necessarily imply a prioritized sequence, that lists must form complete sentences (or be constituted of complete sentences), and that.