Adult In comparison to his peers Michele reveals a level of maturity that his friends do not have. He defends Barbara before Skull can obscenely exploit her.
In what follows, citations to The Prince refer to chapter number e. Citations to the Discourses and to the Florentine Histories refer to book and chapter number e. Citations to the Art of War refer to book and sentence number in the Italian edition of Marchand, Farchard, and Masi and in the corresponding translation of Lynch e.
The Youth Machiavelli was born on May 3,to a somewhat distinguished family. He grew up in the Santo Spirito district of Florence.
He had three siblings: Primavera, Margherita, and Totto. His mother was Bartolomea di Stefano Nelli. His father was Bernardo, a doctor of law who spent a considerable part of his meager income on books and who seems to have been especially enamored of Cicero. He was studying Latin already by age seven and translating vernacular works into Latin by age twelve.
When he was twelve, Machiavelli began to study under the priest Paolo da Ronciglione, a famous teacher who instructed many prominent humanists. Machiavelli may have studied later under Marcello di Virgilio Adriani, a professor at the University of Florence.
Inhe returns to the historical record by writing two letters in a dispute with the Pazzi family. During this period, there were many important dates during this period.
The Pazzi conspiracy against the Medici occurred in Savonarola began to preach in Florence inthe same year that Lorenzo the Magnificent died and that Rodrigo Borgia ascended to the papacy as Alexander VI.
Inafter preaching elsewhere for several years, Savonarola returned to Florence and was assigned to San Marco. On May 23,almost exactly a year later, he was hung and then burned at the stake with two other friars in the Piazza della Signoria.
The Official Not long after Savonarola was put to death, Machiavelli was appointed to serve under Adriani as head of the Second Chancery. Machiavelli was 29 and had no prior political experience.
A month after he was appointed to the Chancery, he was also appointed to serve as Secretary to the Ten, the committee on war. In November he undertook his first diplomatic assignment, which involved a brief trip to the city of Piombino. His first major mission was to the French court, from July to January Inhe would take three trips to the city of Pistoia, which was being torn to pieces by factional disputes P Over the next decade, he would undertake many other missions, some of which kept him away from home for months e.
In August he was married to Marietta di Ludovico Corsini.
Machiavelli and Marietta would eventually have several children, including Bernardo, Primerana who died youngan unnamed daughter who also died youngBaccina, Ludovico, Piero, Guido, and Totto. Machiavelli was also romantically linked to other women, such as the courtesan La Riccia and the singer Barbera Salutati.
InMachiavelli met Cesare Borgia for the first time e. In the same year, Florence underwent a major constitutional reform, which would place Piero Soderini as gonfaloniere for life previously the term limit had been two months. The militia was an idea that Machiavelli had promoted so that Florence would not have to rely upon foreign or mercenary troops see P 12 and InMachiavelli would be appointed to serve as chancellor to the newly created Nine, a committee concerning the militia.
Between andMachiavelli would collaborate with Leonardo da Vinci on various projects. The most notable was an attempt to connect the Arno River to the sea; to irrigate the Arno valley; and to cut off the water supply to Pisa. He was one of the few officials from the republic to be dismissed upon the return of the Medici.
During this period, Cesare Borgia became the Duke of Valentinois in the late summer of Julius II would ascend to the papacy later in November The Philosopher In lateMachiavelli was accused of participating in an anti-Medici conspiracy.
In earlyhe was imprisoned for twenty-two days and tortured with the strappado, a method that painfully dislocated the shoulders. He seems to have commenced writing almost immediately. By 10 Decemberhe wrote to his friend, Francesco Vettori, that he was hard at work on what we now know as his most famous philosophical book, The Prince.
He also began to write the Discourses on Livy during this period. During the following years, Machiavelli attended literary and philosophical discussions in the gardens of the Rucellai family, the Orti Oricellari.
He wrote poetry and plays during this period, and in he likely wrote his most famous play, Mandragola.
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